To describe the use of airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) to relieve hypercapnia in a dog undergoing mechanical ventilation.
A 3-month-old male Shar-Pei mix presented to the emergency department with suspected noncardiogenic pulmonary edema. Due to severe hypercapnia, mechanical ventilation was initiated. The hypercapnia failed to improve with conventional pressure control mechanical ventilation, bronchodilator administration, suctioning, or endotracheal tube replacement. The dog was transitioned to APRV and maintained in this mode for 36 hours. A modified APRV protocol in which inverse inspiratory to expiratory ratios ranged from 4.3:1 to 6.0:1 was utilized, resulting in a drastic improvement in the patient’s hypercapnia. The patient eventually was transitioned off the ventilator, and no respiratory abnormalities have been noted at subsequent recheck examinations.
New or Unique Information Provided
This case documents the first use of APRV to relieve refractory hypercapnia in a dog undergoing mechanical ventilation and is one of the only recorded cases of using APRV for this purpose in the medical literature at large. APRV may be considered in cases of hypercapnia when traditional therapies fail, although caution is warranted as this mode of ventilation can also worsen hypercapnia.
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, EarlyView.Wiley: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care: Table of Contents