To describe the finding of the lung ultrasound (LUS) “wedge sign” in dogs with presumptive pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE).
Case Series Summary
This case series describes 2 dogs with predisposing risk factors of (1) right transvenous pacemaker terminating in its right ventricle, severe protein-losing nephropathy, and glucocorticoid therapy, and (2) caval syndrome, each having the LUS “wedge sign” in upper lung regions, a sign consistent with pulmonary infarction and peripheral PTE.
New or Unique Information Provided
Historically, the diagnosis of canine PTE has been made through supportive findings because the gold standard test, computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA), poses limitations. The use of LUS has shown promise in people for detecting PTE, with the advantages of availability, being radiation- and contrast medium-sparing, rapid (<90 s), point-of-care, real-time information. Our cases suggest a possible new first-line approach for suspecting canine PTE by using LUS and the finding of the “wedge sign” in nongravity-dependent caudodorsal and perihilar lung regions.
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, EarlyView.Wiley: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care: Table of Contents