To evaluate carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) and methemoglobin (MetHb) levels in dogs and cats with respiratory disease in the ICU.
University veterinary teaching hospital.
The ICU census was searched for dogs (n = 466) and cats (n = 97) hospitalized within the ICU between January 2016 and January 2019 in whom blood gas with co-oximetry was performed. Dogs and cats were stratified into those with primary respiratory and nonrespiratory categories; the underlying cause of the disease was also noted. Venous blood gas, co-oximeter, PaO2/FiO2 (PF ratio), physical examination findings, and outcome were recorded.
Measurements and main results
The median COHb and MetHb in dogs hospitalized in the ICU were 2.6% (0.1%–5.6%) and 1.1% (0.1%–2.9%), respectively. The median COHb and MetHb in cats hospitalized in the ICU were 2.2% (0.1%–5.4%) and 1.0% (0%–2.1%), respectively. Dogs with respiratory disease had a higher COHb than dogs without respiratory disease (median, 2.7% [range, 0.3%–5.0%] vs. 2.5% [0.1%–5.6%]; P = 0.0148). COHb was positively associated with survival in cats (median, 2.2% [range, 0.1%–5.4%] vs. 1.9% [0.1%–3.9%]; P = 0.0433). Both COHb and MetHb were higher in septic dogs than in nonseptic dogs (median COHb, 2.8% [range 0.3%–4.5%] vs. 2.6% [0.1%–5.6%]; P = 0.02 and median MetHb, 1.1% [0.1%–2.9%] vs. 1.1% [0.1%–2.4%]; P = 0.01, respectively).
There may be a positive association between COHb and respiratory disease in dogs; prospective studies are needed to evaluate this further. No association between COHb and respiratory disease in cats or MetHb and respiratory disease in either species was detected. Additional prospective studies are needed to determine whether COHb and MetHb are biomarkers for sepsis in dogs and whether COHb is an indicator of mortality in cats.
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, EarlyView.Wiley: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care: Table of Contents