Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care – Most Recent



To determine the in vitro compatibility of rabbit and canine blood using both a tube and slide agglutination crossmatch technique and to compare the results obtained from these 2 methods.


Prospective observational laboratory study from January to March 2020.


University veterinary teaching hospital.


Six client-owned rabbits ≥3.5 kg undergoing phlebotomy for a clinical reason. “Pigtail” blood samples from 3 dog erythrocyte antigen (DEA) 1-positive and 3 DEA 1-negative canine packed red blood cell units.


Blood from each rabbit was crossmatched with a single unit of canine blood using both a standard laboratory tube agglutination technique and a simple slide agglutination method with each rabbit/canine unit serving as its own intraassay control. Tube crossmatches were evaluated for agglutination both macro- and microscopically and assessed for hemolysis. Slide crossmatches were assessed for the presence of agglutination both macro- and microscopically. 

Measurements and Main Results

All crossmatches were incompatible. Varying degrees of agglutination were seen for all crossmatches. Hemolysis was observed with all minor tube crossmatches. Results of both crossmatch techniques were in close agreement. 


The crossmatch results in this present study strongly demonstrate in vitro incompatibility between canine and rabbit blood. Agreement between the 2 techniques in this study indicates that the slide agglutination technique may be quicker, require less blood, and provide reliable results in exclusively assessing the compatibility of canine and rabbit blood. Based on the results of this study, emergency xenotransfusion of canine blood to rabbits cannot be recommended. 

Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, EarlyView.Wiley: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care: Table of Contents

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